One of the major causes of hip pain is trauma. However, any source of inflammation can trigger pain in your hip area. In a few cases, pain from other regions, such as the groin or back, can travel to the hip. Hip pain usually gets worse with activity, particularly when it is triggered by arthritis.

What Causes It?

Hip pain is generally caused by an injury, arthritis or other problems. Some of the most common causes of hip pain are:

  • Arthritis – such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis
  • Injuries – hip fracture or dislocation
  • Pinched nerves
  • Osteoporosis
  • Sciatica
  • Bone cancer
  • Cancer – that has spread to the bone
  • Leukemia
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Avascular necrosis
  • Synovitis

Risk Factors

Hip pain commonly stems from a medical condition, overuse or an injury. Some of the most common risk factors of hip pain are:

  • Repetitive motion
  • Obesity
  • Falls
  • Aging

Other conditions that can also lead to hip pain are:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Sciatica
  • Cancer

Signs and Symptoms

Pain along with redness, warmth and swelling are the most common symptoms of hip pain. Some other common signs and symptoms include:

  • Stiffness
  • Soreness
  • Pain after and during activity

There are also some areas where you might feel discomfort the most, such as:

  • Inside and outside of the hip joint
  • Groin
  • Buttocks

If hip pain persists for longer periods, some people can develop a temporary or permanent limp.

Treatments

Exercise

One of the first treatments of hip pain is through some moderate physical activity. Exercise targets specific parts of the hip area and strengthens the muscles that support the hips. Stretching the tendons and muscles that surround the joint reduce the risk of injuries and ease the pain.

Medications

There are many medications that ease the pain and reduce inflammation in the hip area. Not only do they alter the course of an inflammatory disease, medications also prevent damage and cure hip pain.

Many types of drugs and medications are prescribed to treat hip pain. These include:

  • Analgesics
  • Corticosteroids
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs
  • Biologic response modifiers
  • Gout medications
  • Osteoporosis medications

Other treatments include the following prescription drugs:

  • NSAIDs
  • Muscle Relaxers
  • Tricyclic Antidepressants
  • Neuroleptics
  • General Pain Medications
  • Opioids

Surgery

Surgery is only recommended when other remedies and medications have failed to have an effect. Sometimes, surgery is done to replace or reposition the hip joint. These are some of the hip surgeries that are recommended:

  • Arthroscopy
  • Hip Resurfacing
  • Total joint replacement
  • Osteotomy

When to Request an Evaluation?

If hip pain is minor, you may not need to see a doctor. However, if nothing seems to help, get an appointment with your doctor as early as possible. You should ask someone to accompany you in case you are hurt due to an injury or observe sudden swelling in the hip area.

Preparing for Your Appointment

It is a good idea to prepare a list of questions to ask your doctor. These may include queries about medication and suitable treatment methods to treat your hip pain. Your doctor may ask you about the causes and symptoms related to your condition.